Pneumonia

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• A general term denoting inflammation of the gas exchange mechanism of the lung

Usually implies Parenchymal Lung Inflammation caused by infection

Pneumonitis used to denote inflammation due to physical, chemical or allergic processes

• 1 in 1000 of population admitted to hospital with pneumonia each year, and the mortality in these is about 10%

• 3000 deaths per year (15-55 years)

• 25% of all deaths in the elderly are related to pneumonia (though often have serious concomitant disease)


Community Acquired Pneumonia Severity rated with:


Confusion (AMT = <8)

Urea (>7)

Respiratory rate (>30)

BP (Sys <90, Dia <60)

65 years old